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The Table of Contents on site:

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1.   Home Page (Apologetics)

2.   Catholic Church

3.   "Modern" Rome

4.   The Mass

5.   Blessed Virgin Mary

6.   The Rosary

7.   I AM

8.   EENS - in background

9.   Science & Tradition

10. Eastern Orthodox

11. Reference Library





“Always be ready to make your defense to anyone who demands from you an accounting for the hope that is in you.” (1 Peter 3:15)

Welcome to the tradapologia website where you will find treasures beyond your imagination.


The name of this website is “trad-apologia”; i.e., traditional apology. Why?

Apologetics’ doesn’t mean apologizing for one’s faith; it comes from the Greek word apologia, which means ‘to make a defense’ ; in short, to explain why what we believe is true. Although St Peter’s words at 1 Peter 3:15 are quoted above, it is the apostle Paul who is credited as being the first 'apologist' in Christ Church in the first century. For example, his explanation to the Athenians on Mars Hill that their pagan religions were clarified and fulfilled in Christ as well as reminding the Corinthians that the Resurrection actually happened in history, with eyewitnesses and was the foundation of the new Faith that Paul was bearing testimony about. This is what apologists do; they reason on scripture, history and the actual teachings of Christ and His faithful Church about the gospel. 

One doesn’t have to be a historian, theologian or priest to be an apologist. It certainly helps to become familiar with the Old and New Testaments by reading them regularly. Every passage has remarkable depth. After reading the entire Bible from cover to cover several times in my lifetime, I continue to be amazed how I find nuances in the same passages I've read before. And, of course, the Holy Ghost continues to guides us each time we read directly from the scriptures. The language of these books isn't difficult to understand but it does require some guidance for greater understanding, which is why our Lord provided the Church with 260 Holy Fathers (Popes) since Peter along with 30 Doctors of the Church, countless saints and theologians to provide us with greater understanding, even as St Paul said; "He (Christ) gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and others as evangelists, still others as pastors and doctors;" Ephesians 4:11. Jesus instructed Peter to "Feed my lambs" (John 21:15) along with all Peter's successors, the Popes and bishops of the Church over the past 2000 years. We have the writings of St Thomas Aquinas, the angelic doctor of the Church, St Bellarmine, Papal doctor, St Augustine and many other doctors and renowned theologians of the Church to help us understand the Holy writ of scripture. Click on pictures below.


An apologist doesn't have to defend the truth. The truth defends itself. Our Lord also promised "the gates of hell (heresies) will not prevail against the Church". This is where Church Fathers and apologists help shed light on truth so that heresies are exposed and expelled from the Church. On this site we will examine some of the major heresies that have been exposed in history and how the Church dealt with them.


And now more then ever, with all the problems, chaos and violence in the world today, many want answers on how God will rectify the serious conditions throughout the world that evolved since the turn of the last century ushering in two terrible World Wars resulting in the loss of countless lives due to the wars, famines, pestilences, as well as natural earthquakes all over the world, not to mention the infiltration of modernism and communism into the very Catholic Church of Rome herself since the Second Vatican Council in 1965. Many wonder, “Are we living in the time of the end, the 'LAST DAYS'” Jesus spoke about in Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Revelations and in many old and new testament books of the Bible. Although most don't associate Catholics with those who even consider discussions of "the last days", the fact is, Jesus clearly spoke about it. We won't go into it on this site, but we can clearly see signs of what He spoke of in the 20th century and many Catholics are pondering this very question as did Jesus disciples while He was sitting on the mount of Olivet outside Jerusalem. (Click on pictures

There are answers to these complex questions, but it's necessary to put forth the effort to seek the truth before it's too late. "Seek and ye shall find." Jesus wasn't “suggesting” to seek truth; He was telling us that we must take in knowledge of God if we want to gain eternal life in heaven. (John 17:3) One of the seven deadly sins is "slothfulness" (laziness). We can't just rely on "others" to take in this knowledge of Christ and the Church teachings, but we all must follow the guidelines of the 2000 years of tradition along with the 260 faithful Popes of Christ Church. 
This site is not intended to be a catechism of Church teachings or a commentary on scripture. Think of this site as a "depository" of information gleaned from many sources of the actual teachings of the Holy Apostolic Catholic Church and "their" commentaries on scripture, not mine. What you find herein are like breadcrumbs to help you on a journey to discover for yourself answers to perplexing questions. What you find may challenge your present position and even disturb you. You may have to let go of preconceived notions based on what you've been told by others, even by those who claim to be priests of the Church today, particularly since the internal crisis of the Church since Vatican II. The evidence of this crisis is manifest on every level, from conflicting teachings of faith to the moral decay within the Church in Rome itself which has spilled over to society in general. (see page 3)
On the next page of this website more will be disclosed about what happened after Pope Pius XII died in 1958 and the election of his successor, Angelo Roncalli, who assumed the name John XXIII, who convened the Second Vatican Council in 1962-65. The new teachings within the 16 documents of "Vatican II" lead to a whole "new" (novel) Mass in 1969 inaugurated by Roncalli's successor,Giovanni Montini, who assumed the name of Paul VI in his encyclical document, "MISSALE ROMANUM ON NEW ROMAN MISSAL". In that document, Paul VI instituted and required that the entire new conciliar church in Rome and throughout the world replace the traditional Latin Mass with his "Novus Ordo Missae" (new order Mass).
Many bishops and priests within the Catholic Church post-Vatican II (1965) became quite disturbed by the implementation of a whole new Mass replacing the original traditional Latin Mass (TLM) Christ Himself instituted at the last supper. In 1970, Archbishop Lefebvre and other clerics broke from Rome to form a society to train priests in the TLM; the Society of St Pius X, or SSPX. Other groups also broke from the new novel "Novus Ordo Mass" Paul VI imposed. Although these various groups, often referred to as "traditional Catholics" arrived at different conclusions about Papal magisterium in Rome after Vatican II, they all agreed on the absolute need to maintain the Traditional Latin Mass of Christ. Again, more on this on the next few page

In the illustration in this picture, Jesus is seen coming with a sword like a soldier in battle. Why? A soldier doesn't go into battle just to defend himself; he must also carry a sharp-edged sword to cut into the heart of the enemy; that is, into false teachings of Satan and his earthly minions. This "sword of the spirit" includes the teachings of Christ revealed by His Holy Church with Peter as His chief apostle, Vicar and first Father of the Church, (papa or Pope) after Christ gave Peter the keys of the kingdom. When Peter was asked by our Lord if Peter loved Him, Peter said "Yes Lord" three times. Jesus then said, "Feed my lambs". That was Peter's primary mission, to "Feed" or teach Christ Church all that He commanded them to do. John 21:17. Therefore, it's essential that all Catholics fully embrace this issue of "AUTHORITY" when Christ passed on to Peter and his successors when He gave Peter the keys of the kingdom. Jesus then promised He would remain with His Church to the end of time. (Matt. 28:20) He followed through on that promise by sending "another" Paraclete, the Holy Ghost, to teach, to comfort and guide the Church throughout the entire inhabited earth to the end. 

Catholics are Church militants, fighting "against principalities and powers, against the rulers of the world of this darkness, against the spirits of wickedness in the high places." Ephesians 6:15

Click on the picture below - the suit of armour to fight this battle.

Jesus taught in plain words so all could easily understand. However, what He taught had deep meanings requiring the help of the Holy Ghost and His Church to fully understand His teachings. Therefore, we must listen to the Church on what it has taught in matters of faith and morals, pray and meditate on the teachings of His Church to gain eternal salvation. John 17:3. He said we must not give up seeking, knocking and asking for His help to find the truth. This is why He sent forth his apostles, disciples, saints and Holy Fathers to preach and teach His flock. (Click on the pictures)

St Peter.jpg
Keys of Kingdom.jpg

What you read on this site will be like finding breadcrumbs, "nuggets of truth", like signs on the road that point to where to find answers about "the Church" and what happened to "the Church" over the last century, particularly since Vatican II. The reader must invest the time to dig in to find these great "hidden treasures", as God reveals it to you. Prov. 2:1-5 and Matt. 24:15. 


What you read and see on this site come from two sources;

1.)  Canon scripture; i.e., the 1582 Douay–Rheims Bible, translated directly from St Jerome's original Latin Vulgate of the 4th Century, re-affirmed by the Council of Trent, including all 73 books; and,

2.)  Church tradition; both written and oral apostolic teachings. More on this throughout the site.


Why the Douay-Rheims? (click on picture below; it's well worth the time to read the small booklet) 

Deuteronomy 4:2

"You shall not add to the word that I speak to you, neither shall you take away from it: keep the commandments of the Lord your God which I command you."​

Which Bible Should You Read.png

Tradition - Scripture - the Church

"Therefore, brethren, stand fast; and hold the traditions which you have learned, whether by word, (orally) or by our epistle. (written)" 2 Thessalonians 2:14

Jesus sent forth His followers as apostles, as prophets, evangelists and doctors of His Church; for perfecting them all to become saints. (Ephesians 4:11-13) The Church has always taught that "tradition" includes both written (ancient scrolls & writings of apostles) and "oral" teachings of the apostles (preaching and teaching publicly). The written epistles of the apostles weren't distributed to all the Churches in the first few centuries. When Peter and Paul wrote letters to the early Churches; i.e., congregations or parishes, there were no copies to pass around. The way the faithful learned what the the apostles taught was by word of mouth. Few had access to any actual writings. After Peter and Paul wrote their epistles, they would go into public places and "speak" orally what they were "inspired" to write. It took centuries for even bishops and priests to have something to read. Even then, all they had were handwritten copies of Jerome's Latin translations. And this is also how Jesus taught; He preached publicly and taught His apostles privately; Mark 13:31, Mark 3:14, 16:15, Luke 10:16, Luke 24:47. Jesus didn't ask His apostles to write down His words out and then read from a book or scroll; not in Hebrew, Greek or Latin. 


Eventually, Jerome's Latin Vulgate canon text of 382 A.D. was meticulously copied by scribes and monks in the centuries that followed under direction of Church Fathers; faithful Popes after the 4th century. Copies were passed on to bishops and priests. There was no need for every Christian to have a copy of these scriptures in their homes since few could even read, much less read Latin, outside of the priests and bishops. Latin was spoken by Jesus Himself as well as the apostles. Think about it; what do the letter inscribed by Pilate above Jesus head on the crucifix? "INRI", Latin letters for "Jesus, King of the Jews". Latin was also the language of the original Mass administered by Peter and the other apostles after Pentecost after the Lord's Supper. Because the Mass was formed in Latin, a dead language, it has never changed through the ages. The Latin Mass is still administered in the "traditional" Roman Catholic Churches around the world.


Think about it; for 15 centuries (Gutenberg printing press was invented 1455), how were Christians taught and guided without a Bible to read? As Christ promised, He gave some as priests, bishops and Holy Fathers; i.e., successors to Peter, Popes, to teach and serve the sacraments (the Mass) to the faithful in His Church. Centuries later, when Catholic families acquired their own copies of the Bible centuries after the printing press made enough, they discovered for themselves that what the bishops and priests of the Catholic Church taught them was, in fact, in full harmony with the original scriptures St Jerome compiled in 382 A.D. The only deviations from the original scriptures came at the hands of Protestants; i.e., Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Smith, and others. The Protestants eliminated all of the seven deuterocanonical books that were included in original canon scriptures.

Protestants also claim to believe "only" what's in scripture; i.e., "sola scriptura". If that's the case, which scriptures are they referring to; the original scriptures finally compiled and translated into Latin by Jerome in the 4th including the 7 deuterocanonical books or the new Protestant translations without these 7 books. Although Protestants recite the "apostles creed" many of them fail to grasp the fact that it was composed in part and adopted at the First Council of Nicaea (325) and revised with additions by the First Council of Constantinople (381) whence it was called the "Nicene Creed", not literally composed by the apostles but during the Council of Nicaea excerpts from apostolic tradition was incorporated into one creed the Church has been using since the 4th century. Again, this is called "tradition", not 'sola scriptura'. Within the creed has reference to the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost; the Trinity, but is the word "trinity" in scripture? No. Are the words "immaculate conception" of Mary written in scripture by the apostles? No, but in the creed it mentions "born of the virgin Mary". Protestants recite "I believe in the holy Catholic Church" yet they are no part of the very Church mentioned in the "Apostles Creed". The creed also contains the words, "... He (Jesus) descended into hell". Jesus actually descended into a part of hell (the place of the dead) where His faithful followers rested to be resurrected upon His coming, such as David, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, etc. Catholic Church tradition (oral and written by apostles and Fathers of the Church) teach that Jesus actually descended into "limbo" where these souls waited for the messiah Jesus to come. Catholic tradition also teaches about "purgatory". So, these words highlighted in blue are not included within canon scripture compiled in the 4th century, yet for 2000 years Catholics and yes, even Protestants utter some of these words in the creed they recite. So here is the order of tradition.

Tradition - Scripture - the Church

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